How do raw cotton collected from cotton and cotton fields be made into new jeans? The manufacture of brand new "basic" jeans from raw cotton takes place largely in cheap bad, unethical and unhealthy conditions.



fibres are pressed into bales when entering the spinning mill. Cotton bales are opened in the spinning mill, where cotton cleaning begins. Cotton yarn is manufactured by carding, i.e. the straightening of cotton "shark wool". Cotton straightening is done by combing the cotton fibres in a uniform and parallel direction.

Good quality cotton that ends up in ring spinning is carefully combed, but in current mass production, less wood combing is done. Shorter cotton fibre can also be left in cotton, making the yarn of lower quality. In addition, the most advantageous cotton yarns often use a faster rotor spinning method, which allows the use of shorter fibres and produces coarser yarn compared to the traditional ring spinning method.

Read more: Cotton production CHEAP COTTON AND CHEAP FASHION Cheap cotton


directly linked to cheap fashion and low quality clothing. Weaving cotton fabric may save at the expense of quality, which makes cotton cheap and low quality. The densities of cotton yarn can be reduced and the fabric stretched for cutting. The decomposition of poor quality cotton is further promoted by poor maintenance and maintenance of the material. For example, you shouldn't wash your jeans every week, and you should pay attention to washing, which improves the quality of even cheap material wildly.

Read more: Wash your jeans correctly.

Brands that buy cotton practically dictate the properties of the product they buy and the price at which the garment must be manufactured. This forces factories to be extremely cost-effective. The opportunities formakers to influence the process are small.



Cotton has its own basic colour, but how are jeans and cotton dyed to serve the desired colour of a garment or jeans?

Before dyeing, the cotton fabric may be bleached to achieve a uniform colour. The dyeing of cotton can be done in the wire phase or dyeing can be done directly into the finished fabric. Typically, the denim fabric is dyed at the wire stage with an indigo dye that attaches to the surface of the cotton fiber, which produces the blue color of the jeans.

Cotton can also be made into a so-called 'cotton wool'. merseration in which the fibres are swollen with sodium hydroxide. In this case, the flat cross-section of the cotton fiber becomes round. Merization improves cotton properties, such as fibre shine, breaking strength and stretch, and feeling properties. When dyeing fabric, fabric washes are extremely important to remov chemical substances from fabrics. However, intermediate washing is often compromised if the work takes place in cheap countries.

"Therefore, it is recommended that new clothes be washed or at least ventilated before use. Chemical residues in textiles can cause skin and respiratory symptoms in small quantities."

In low-cost countries, the problem is inadequate wastewater management or there is no problem at all. So the wastewater from the dyeing of the fabric, how the waste water from other fabric treatment materials ends up in water bodies used by locals for washing and cooking. Heavy metals such as mercury and arsenic may be found in waterways, which increases the risk to occupational safety and illness of workers. Värjäämö's employees have inadequate protective equipment for working. Chemicals are contacted manually and working days are long.

Finished denim, or demin fabric, as a rolled-up item, gets even more treatments after sewing steps such as chemical softening and hand-sanded wear points or lightened details, increasing the unethicality of jeans made in low-cost countries, increasing water wastage and the health risk to workers.


Consume responsibly, ethically and ecologically! "New ecological jeans from old jeans". Let us not throw old jeans into waste, as it has taken a huge waste of drinking water and other natural resources, as well as the health of workers. Let's re-use the material that has already been produced in the world in a stunningly spectacular way. Piece Of Jeans turned waste into deisgn.